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February 13, 2022

First Aids in Bone Fracture Injuries

The frenzy associated with fractures is so dousing that we forget the basic things to do when it happens. Most times, this is due to the shock caused by the trauma.

When fractures occur, it’s critical to seek medical attention immediately. There are different types of bone fractures. The type mostly determines how urgently it needs to be addressed. For example, in cases of orthopedic traumas (fractures to lower and upper extremities), the service of an orthopedic surgeon adelaide is needed almost immediately. 

Other fractures requiring surgical attention are scapular fractures, wrist fractures, shoulder fractures, ankle fractures, etc. In cases like this, a hospital that is well equipped to deliver surgical services should be reached out to. The surgeries are usually accompanied by some periods of recovery and rehabilitation depending on the accident’s severity. 

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That said, pending the time medical expertise is sought, here are possible things that can occur in an area of fracture:

  • Numbness can be felt at this site
  • Excruciating pain is felt on attempts at moving
  • The fragmented bone may be visible across the skin or protrudes outwards as in open fractures
  • A visible deformity can also be seen in severe cases. This also includes bluish-purple skin or swelling.
  • Fractures of the pelvic and thigh regions lead to significant shock.

Here is what you should do when you notice the above-listed signs in someone that has sustained a fracture:

  1. Stop Bleeding

To prevent huge blood loss, apply a sterile soft fabric across the injured area to clean the wound. While doing this, carefully apply pressure around the fracture site to prevent continuous blood outflow. Do not place fabric directly on the fractured bone.

  1. Do not attempt to move the area of the fracture
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While administering first aid care to someone with a fracture, make sure the person doesn’t move the area fractured. Also, while applying the sterile fabric, make sure you’re gentle while dabbing the wound, keeping the site immobile. Attempts to move this area can aggravate blood loss and even cause possible nerve damage.

  1. Support this area with a padding object

As a measure to ease pain, supporting this fracture region will go a long way. An example of a padding object is the pillow.

  1. Treat for a possible shock when necessary

The shock comes as an aftermath of trauma. It is peculiar to some fracture regions such as the thigh, hip, and pelvis. In cases like this, do not attempt to raise the person’s legs. 

  1. Apply ice around the injured site
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Another way to temporarily manage a fracture is to apply ice. Ice, however, shouldn’t be applied directly to the skin. It should be wrapped with a plastic bag or clean fabric before applying.

  1. Reach out to a Medical Centre

While you manage the case by applying first aid, you can simultaneously reach out to a hospital or call your country’s medical hotline for help. If you’re in America, you can dial 911 immediately. 

Also, stay through with the person as you await help.

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